WEMOS LOLIN32 ESP32 Lite pinout example for CJMCU-811

Low cost ESP32 development board such as WEMOS ESP32 LOLIN32 Lite paired with a CO2 / VOC sensor CJMCU-811. The WEMOS LOLIN32 development board does not have all the same GPIO as other similar ESP32 boards.

Pinout

LOLIN32CJMCU-811
V3.3VCC
22 (GPIO22)SCL
19 (GPIO19)SDA
GNDWAK
Pinout example for LOLIN32 paired with CJMCU-811

ESPHome example

i2c:
  sda: GPIO15
  scl: GPIO2

sensor:
  - platform: ccs811
    eco2:
      name: "CCS811 eCO2 Value"
    tvoc:
      name: "CCS811 Total Volatile Organic Compound"
    address: 0x5A
    baseline: 0x9AB9
    update_interval: 60s

MOES IR Control Tuya (SRW-001) flashing (ESPHome, etc)

The device MOES IR Control Hub, which uses Tuya ESP8266 is no longer vulnerable to the vulnerability that tuya-convert exploits. You will need to open the device to flash it.

They are currently shipped with an TYWE3S which is an ESP8266 (as of June, 2021). You can see the pin outs for the TYWE3S at the Tasmota site.

Use a thin utility knife to open, I would recommend starting at the USB port area. There are two tabs on either side, and a few spread throughout. Once you have the device open and have connections setup you are ready to flash.

How to flash?

  1. Tie GPI0 to GND to start flash mode (when RST or power on the device, you will know you are in flash mode because the blue status LED does not come on)
  2. RX, TX, GND to your USB TTL (remember RX and TX are reversed for the USB TTL side)
  3. GND on TYWE3S is connected to the same ground plane as the rest of the board (i.e. GND on your USB TTL)
  4. Then power up via MicroUSB
  5. Flash via esptool (rev 1ca08af instead of master due to Issue #635 in esptool)
  6. Unplug everything and power up normally, and configure ESPHome as you normally would.

RE: Motion B6 – Don't Feed the Wildlife

My letter to City of Vancouver council regarding Motion B6 – Don't Feed the Wildlife.

Hello,

I do not support Motion B6 – Don't Feed the Wildlife, submitted by Pete Fry.

The proposed ban is overly broad, and unnecessary. There is already a Park Board bylaw on banning feeding wildlife in our parks, which is the advertised target of this motion.

The City and Park Board should enforce existing bylaws, instead of adding new ones. And, when necessary, work with the province on enforcing laws against feeding dangerous animals.

Pete Fry stated that the proposed bylaw is also meant to target people who attract vermin to their properties. Does the City not have bylaws in place already that cover this? I believe they do.

Many residents in Vancouver feed the various birds in their area using methods banned with this proposed bylaw (i.e. putting out nuts while under observation in a container during the day: to prevent vermin), and use it as a way to improve their mental wellbeing, especially during COVID-19. This will unfairly target seniors and people with restricted social circles.

Please consider voting against this motion.

Thank you.

A critique of Ubiquiti Dream Machine (UDM) Pro, etc.

My partner and I purchased a new home, and it came prewired with CAT5E, and outside rough-ins for security cameras.

I decided it was time to get "serious" and have a proper pro-sumer setup at home for Internet access, and while we were at it: Security cameras! I didn't want to go with Hikvision or any of the other Chinese manufacturers of IP cameras.

With those requirements in mind, I settled on the following hardware from Ubiquiti for an end-to-end solution:

  • UniFi Dream Machine (UDM) Pro
  • UniFi Switch 16 POE-150W
  • UniFi Switch Flex 5 POE
  • 2x UniFi AP-Flex-HD

For security cameras (UniFI Protect), I went with the following:

  • 2x G4 Pro
  • 2x G3 Pro
  • UFP Viewport

These products, in my opinion, are not prosumer. They have a number of issues, especially for the price point (I would expect better.) In a lot of cases, pfsense would buy you better bang for your buck.

UDM Pro

Dual WAN

  • Does not support load balancing, only fail over (despite option being available in the UI – disabled in 1.8.3 and above)
  • Port forwarding only works on the active WAN connection, despite both WAN connections being selected for the port forwards
  • No ability to set the primary WAN interface
    • Documentation claims to allow you to swap WAN interface port assignments around, unfortunately swapping interfaces around causes no interfaces to work
  • No ability to set independent upstream and downstream speeds per WAN interface (ala "Smart queues")
  • Static routes only work with the active WAN interface. My modem for Shaw uses 10.0.0.1 for management, to see levels, etc. I added a static interface route for 10.0.0.1/32 pointed at the interface for the modem, it does not work. No route is added, and nothing shows in iptables. If I add the route manually via SSH, it works.
  • The inactive WAN interface: DHCP will stop working, think it still has it's old IP address. Via the GUI it will say the interface is up, but via command line the interface will be shown as failed. To fix you need to restart the UDM.

Missing Features

  • No link aggregation (LACP or LAG) support
  • No policy routing (load balancing of Dual WAN doesn't work, so what's the point?)
  • Proper bandwidth limiting via QoS
  • No ability to see default blocked firewall rules

Bugs

  • On 1.8.3 I experienced a condition where the UDM Pro stopped accepting traffic to Protect, Network and the web interface. I was not able to safely reboot the machine and had to power cycle it to restore service.
    • This issue has occurred on 1.9.3 as well. System ends up in an out of memory condition and will stop recording security cameras and you have to power cycle the device. It seems to occur when the Web UI is used.
  • DPI statistics do not accurately reflect traffic counts, and has apparently been broken for years. I have 900GB of traffic attributed to PayPal, and if you click for a breakdown about 100KB is used in total.
  • Unifi Network App on Android will drain battery if left to run in the background. Does not reliably provide notifications/alerts that are displayed in the web interface.
  • Adding new WiFi SSID causes all the Access Points to restart and service is unavailable for a few minutes.
  • Restarting the UDM Pro is a gamble, sometimes it will not boot at all and will display "UDM-Pro is having an issue booting" and stop there
  • Access Points will randomly stop working until PoE port is power cycled

Unifi Protect

Missing Features

  • No ability to backup camera footage to a remote endpoint
    • Videos stored in a proprietary format on disk
  • Only the G4 cameras support People and Car Detection

Bugs

  • The service running on the UDM will crash randomly when retrieving videos
  • On Android, the video from an Event will not always load or take 3-5 seconds to load
  • Your authenticated session will be randomly logged out, and you will sometimes still receive notifications of movement, but not always. When you open the app, you will have to log in again.
  • Motion is detected for car headlights, even at very low motion sensitivity
  • Software updates despite automatic upgrades being disabled

UFP Viewport

Missing Features

  • HDMI-CEC to turn TV on and off at certain times

Bugs

  • Views that change between cameras do not work on UFP Viewport despit being able to set them on the web interface
  • Takes many tries to adopt to Unifi Protect, as well as failed firmware update attempts
  • Sometimes the feed will freeze and you will have to restart the UFW Viewport for it to work again.

Other issues

Conclusion

I'm in the process of looking for a replacement for Ubiquiti UDM. I will most likely replace it with a pfsense firewall, but I don't know what to do with my existing cameras as it was not a low-cost or low-effort investment.

Ubiquiti may be "okay" if you're not doing anything complicated, but at that point you might as well buy a cheaper solution that "just works" and doesn't arbitrarily have features removed or just plain not working.

deCONZ VNC access without full blown Xorg install

deCONZ / Phoscon-GW recommends a full blown Xorg install on a Raspberry Pi to access their GUI. deCONZ is a utility to work with Zigbee controller provided by Raspbee / Conbee. deCONZ GUI provides more advanced control of Zigbee devices, and has functionality that is not available via web interface/REST API.

No need to install a full blown UI if you want to run headless. These instructions are for Raspbian.

Make sure to disable and stop existing deconz services if enabled:

systemctl disable deconz
systemctl stop deconz

You may also have deconz-gui service if you have followed their install guide, so make sure to disable and stop this as well if applicable.

Install TigerVNC which we will use to provide headless VNC access to the GUI:

apt-get install tigervnc-standalone-server

You will create a new systemd service definition, which is outlined below .

/etc/systemd/system/deconz-vnc.service

[Unit]
Description=deCONZ: ZigBee gateway -- GUI/REST API VNC
Wants=deconz-init.service deconz-update.service

[Service]
User=1000
Environment="DISPLAY=:0"
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/tigervncserver -geometry 1024x768 -useold -SecurityTypes None -localhost yes -noxstartup "$DISPLAY"
ExecStart=/usr/bin/deCONZ --http-port=80
Restart=on-failure
StartLimitIntervalSec=0
RestartSec=30
AmbientCapabilities=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE CAP_KILL CAP_SYS_BOOT CAP_SYS_TIME

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Then reload systemd, enable and start the newly created service:

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable deconz-vnc
systemctl start deconz-vnc

Once this is done you can setup a SSH port forward to localhost:5900 and access deCONZ GUI using your favourite VNC viewer.